quote: Leszek Kołakowski,
There is extreme educational poverty in Tanzania. Although compulsory primary education has been officially in place for seven decades, only 60% of children attend school. The situation is much worse among the Maasai. The lack of teachers is a disaster. The level of knowledge and education of those who teach is very low.
The first and major problem is that
despite compulsory schooling for all children from the age of seven, only 66% of children attend school, bearing in mind the data is according to the optimistic government sources. Another problem shown by research conducted by Tanzanian NGOs is the quality of education. Only about 40% of students in the seventh grade of primary school are able to read and understand simple sentences in English and Kisuahili and perform simple arithmetic operations at the level of the second grade of primary school.
The first eligible scholarship recipients are:
– Kiruti Maiko Magisa
– Maryciana Nyika
The Maasai people are an ethnic group who have been discriminated against and marginalised for at least seven decades. The reason is their cultural and linguistic distinctiveness and their semi nomadic lifestyle. They are constantly chased away from the lands where they have lived for thousands of years. Most children do not have time to attend school because they help with the household chores. The girls walk several kilometres a day to fetch water, while the boys graze cattle.
Children completing their elementary education in public schools often lag enormously behind students
in fee-paying private schools. It is not uncommon for pupils to do compulsory work in the fields belonging to teachers instead of staying in lessons, as teachers are not paid well enough in state schools.
It should also be stressed that teachers are not to blame for the situation – without this, they would not be able to teach at all, as the land feeds them.
Tanzania’s contemporary education system can be expressed as 2 + 7 + 4 + 2 + 3. The system has the following organizational units: kindergartens (2 years of education), primary schools (7 years), secondary schools: ordinary level (4 years) and advanced level (2 years) and tertiary education (at least 3 years). In kindergartens, primary and secondary schools it is compulsory for all pupils to wear uniforms which is not a problem for them. Such clothing signals the fact of “being a student”, which in Tanzania is still more of a privilege than a duty and a source of pride.
Tuition fees for an undergraduate degree in nursing at the University amount to US$1,500 per year, plus study aids of approximately US$500 per year.
University tuition fees at the Faculty of Medicine in Tanzania are around US$3,000 per year.
Additional costs: deposit, exams, books and study aids, insurance, amount to USD 500 per year.